• Brady, A. R.; Vega, M. A. P.; Steigler, A. N.; Scholes, R. C.; Riddle, K. N.; Peel, H. F.; Sedlak, D. L.; Sharp, J. O. Pharmaceutical attenuation differs within woodchip-based lignocellulose bioreactors across nitrate and sulfate reducing conditions. ACS ES&T Water. 2023.
  • Vega, M. A. P.; Scholes, R. C.; Brady, A. R.; Narrow, A. B.; Vanzin, G.; Wrighton, K.; Sedlak, D. L.; Sharp, J. O. Methane-oxidizing activity enhances sulfamethoxazole biotransformation in a benthic constructed wetland biomat. Environmental Science & Technology. 2023, 57(18), 7240–7253.


  • Vega, M. A. P.; Scholes, R. C.; Brady, A. R.; Daly, R. A.; Narrowe, A. B.; Bosworth, L. B.; Wrighton, K. C.; Sedlak, D. L.; Sharp, J. O. Pharmaceutical Biotransformation is Influenced by Photosynthesis and Microbial Nitrogen Cycling in a Benthic Wetland Biomat. Environmental Science & Technology. 2022, 56(20), 14462-14477.
  • Scholes, R. C. Contributions of Reactive Nitrogen Species to Transformations of Organic Compounds in Water: A Critical Review. Environmental Science: Processes & Impacts. 2022, 24, 851-869.


  • Scholes, R. C.; Stiegler, A. N.; Anderson, C. M.; Sedlak, D. L. Enabling Water Reuse by Treatment of Reverse Osmosis Concentrate: The Promise of Constructed Wetlands. ACS Environmental AU. 2021, 1(1), 7-17.

  • Scholes, R. C.; Vega, M. A.; Sharp, J. O.; Sedlak, D. L. Nitrate Removal from Reverse Osmosis Concentrate in Pilot-Scale Open-Water Unit Process Wetlands. Environ. Sci.: Water Res. Technol. 2021, 7, 650-661.
graphical abstract depicting nitrate reduction in a wetland biomat


  • Scholes, R. C.; King, J. F.; Mitch, W. A.; Sedlak, D. L. Transformation of Trace Organic Contaminants from Reverse Osmosis Concentrate by Open-Water Unit Process Wetlands with and without Ozone Pre-Treatment. Environ. Sci. Technol. 2020, 54(24), 16176-16185.
graphical abstract depicting trace organic contaminants in wetlands treating RO concentrate


  • Scholes, R. C.; Prasse, C.; Sedlak, D. L. The Role of Reactive Nitrogen Species in Sensitized Photolysis of Wastewater-Derived Trace Organic Contaminants. Env. Sci Technol 2019, 53, 6483–6491.
graphical abstract depicting nitrite-sensitized phototransformation of an organic contaminant


  • Scholes, R. C.; Hageman, K. J.; Closs, G. P.; Stirling, C. H.; Reid, M. R.; Gabrielsson, R.; Augspurger, J. M. Predictors of Pesticide Concentrations in Freshwater Trout – The Role of Life History. Environ. Pollut. 2016, 219, 253–261.
graphical abstract depicting the influence of migration history on pesticide burden in trout

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